History of Java
In 1991, Sun Microsystems decided to develop a special software that can be used to manipulate consumer electronic appliances. A team of Sun Microsystems engineers led by James Gosling decided to develop a language for consumer electronics appliances under a project named Green. Gosling began writing software in C++ for embedding into such items as toasters, VCR’s, and Personal Digital Assistants (PDA’s). The embedded software makes many appliances more intelligent. Gosling’s solution to the problems of C++ was a new language called Oak. In 1992 the Green Project Team demonstrated the application their new language to control consumer electronic appliances using a hand held device with a touch sensitive screen. Later in 1993 The Green Project team came up with the idea of developing a Web applets using the new language that can be run on all type computers connected in internet, finally in 1994 the team has developed a Web Browser known as “HotJava” that locate and run the applets on internet. HotJava demonstrated the power of the new language made it popular instantly among the internet users. 1995 Oak was renamed by the team because there was already a programming language called Oak, so they changed the name to Java.
In 1996 Java established itself not only as a leader in Internet programming but also as high performance general purpose, object oriented programming language