How to Ban, Suspend or Block User Account in Laravel

In this tutorial you will learn about the How to Ban, Suspend or Block User Account in Laravel and its application with practical example.

How to Ban, Suspend or Block User Account in Laravel

In this laravel ban / suspend user account tutorial, I’ll show you how to ban, block or suspend a user account using laravel middleware.

Sometimes in laravel application we may identify user account with some suspicious activity, policy violation, spamming or any other misuse of the application. In such situation we may want to ban, block or suspend a user account for some time, after that ban is revoked. when a blocked user account’s ban is revoked it can use the application same as before the account is suspended or banned

In this tutorial, you will learn to ban, block or suspend a user account using laravel middleware. In this example, we will create a laravel middleware to check if the user is banned. In this example we will add a database field named blocked_until in users table then we will check user is suspend/banned or not using the blocked_until field. If an user is found banned or blocked we log them out and redirect back to login page with an error message.

Before starting with tutorial, we are assuming that you already have a fresh installation of a Laravel 5.8. If you have not installed it follow Laravel Installation Step.

Install Laravel 5.8

First of all we need to create a fresh laravel project, download and install Laravel 5.8 using the below command

Configure Database In .env file

Now, lets create a MySQL database and connect it with laravel application. After creating database we need to set database credential in application’s .env file.

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Now, use the below command to create default laravel tables automatically.

Authentication Scaffolding

Now, use the below command to generate laravel default authentication scaffolding –

This command will generate required Controller files, views and add routes in our web.php routes file that are required for the authentication.

Add New column Using Migration

Now, lets a add a timestamp field named blocked_until that allows you check if user is banned or not. If its null then user is not banned, otherwise we know the date, until when user is banned. Use the following artisan command to generate laravel migration that adds blocked_until field to users table.

Once this command is executed you will find a migration file created under “database/migrations”. lets open migration file and modify up method with following code –

We also need to add that field to $fillable array in app/User.php model. We will put it into $dates array to.

app/User.php

Create Laravel Middleware CheckBlocked

Lets create a laravel middleware to check if the user is banned/suspended/blocked. If a blocked user will try to login we log them out and redirect back to login form with an error message. Create a laravel middleware using below command.

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Once this command is executed you will find a middleware file created under “app/Http/Middleware/”. Open middleware file and implement logic of to check banned/blocked/suspended users. In that time, we will log them out and redirect to login screen with message.

app/http/middleware/CheckBlocked.php

Register Laravel Middleware

Open app/Http/Kernel.php file and register CheckBlocked middleware here, like below –

Add Error Message

Finally, we need to add a error message in login.blade.php. let’s open app/resources/views/auth/login.blade.php file and add error message on above of login form body, like below –

Now we are ready to run our example so lets start the development server using following artisan command –

Now, open the following URL in browser and try to login with blocked or suspended user account to see the output –

http://localhost:8000/login

Output:-

laravel-ban-user-account-1

In this tutorial we have learn about the How to Ban, Suspend or Block User Account in Laravel and its application with practical example. I hope you will like this tutorial.