CSS Colors

In this tutorial you will learn about the CSS Colors and its application with practical example.

CSS Colors allows us to set a color for HTML Elements and for various attributes of these HTML Entities. For example we can set color for text color, Border, Background etc.

CSS Color values can be assigned in following three format :

Hex or Hexadecimal Code Notation

The Hex or Hexadecimal Code Notation is most preferable method for defining color values.Hex color code starts with the hash (#) character, followed by three or six hexadecimal digits in RGB format. For example, the hexadecimal color value for white is #FFFFFF, or #FFF in shorthand. Hexadecimal code notation supports a more range of colors than the keyword system.

Format Syntax Example
Hex Code #RRGGBB or #RGB p{color:#FFFFFF;} or p{color:#FFF;}

RGB Notation

Tough hex codes are more popular in CSS but many designers prefers to use RGB color model. A color is defined by the amount of Red, Green and Blue, RGB color values supported by the all major browsers.In RGB a color value can be defined using 0 to 255 integer value for the intensity of red, green and blue values that comprise our RGB colors (or using percentages instead).

Format Syntax Example
RGB% or RGB Absolute rgb(rrr%,ggg%,bbb%) or rgb(rrr,ggg,bbb) p{color:rgb(50%,50%,50%);} or p{color:rgb(0,0,255);}

Color Keywords or Color Name

Basic color keyword or color name notation is simplest method to define a color value and has been around for a long time,but the color names are limited to 16 values but, but can be expanded using an extended palette.

Format Syntax Example
keyword or name red, blue etc. p{color:green;}

List of 17 official CSS color names with their hex RGB value and their decimal RGB value.

Color Name Hex Code RGB Decimal Code RGB
Maroon 800000 128,0,0
Red FF0000 255,0,0
Orange FFA500 255,165,0
Yellow FFFF00 255,255,0
Olive 808000 128,128,0
Green 008000 0,128,0
Purple 800080 128,0,128
Fuchsia FF00FF 255,0,255
Lime 00FF00 0,255,0
Teal 008080 0,128,128
Aqua 00FFFF 0,255,255
Blue 0000FF 0,0,255
Navy 000080 0,0,128
Black 000000 0,0,0
Gray 808080 128,128,128
Silver C0C0C0 192,192,192
White FFFFFF 255,255,255

Browser Safe Colors

List of 216 browser safe colors for a 256 color palette system –

000000 000033 000066 000099 0000CC 0000FF
003300 003333 003366 003399 0033CC 0033FF
006600 006633 006666 006699 0066CC 0066FF
009900 009933 009966 009999 0099CC 0099FF
00CC00 00CC33 00CC66 00CC99 00CCCC 00CCFF
00FF00 00FF33 00FF66 00FF99 00FFCC 00FFFF
330000 330033 330066 330099 3300CC 3300FF
333300 333333 333366 333399 3333CC 3333FF
336600 336633 336666 336699 3366CC 3366FF
339900 339933 339966 339999 3399CC 3399FF
33CC00 33CC33 33CC66 33CC99 33CCCC 33CCFF
33FF00 33FF33 33FF66 33FF99 33FFCC 33FFFF
660000 660033 660066 660099 6600CC 6600FF
663300 663333 663366 663399 6633CC 6633FF
666600 666633 666666 666699 6666CC 6666FF
669900 669933 669966 669999 6699CC 6699FF
66CC00 66CC33 66CC66 66CC99 66CCCC 66CCFF
66FF00 66FF33 66FF66 66FF99 66FFCC 66FFFF
990000 990033 990066 990099 9900CC 9900FF
993300 993333 993366 993399 9933CC 9933FF
996600 996633 996666 996699 9966CC 9966FF
999900 999933 999966 999999 9999CC 9999FF
99CC00 99CC33 99CC66 99CC99 99CCCC 99CCFF
99FF00 99FF33 99FF66 99FF99 99FFCC 99FFFF
CC0000 CC0033 CC0066 CC0099 CC00CC CC00FF
CC3300 CC3333 CC3366 CC3399 CC33CC CC33FF
CC6600 CC6633 CC6666 CC6699 CC66CC CC66FF
CC9900 CC9933 CC9966 CC9999 CC99CC CC99FF
FF0000 FF0033 FF0066 FF0099 FF00CC FF00FF
FF3300 FF3333 FF3366 FF3399 FF33CC FF33FF
FF6600 FF6633 FF6666 FF6699 FF66CC FF66FF
FF9900 FF9933 FF9966 FF9999 FF99CC FF99FF

In this tutorial we have learn about the CSS Colors and its application with practical example. I hope you will like this tutorial.